July 5 African American Historical Events

* Today in Black History – July 5 *

1852 – At a meeting sponsored by the Rochester Ladies’ Anti-
Slavery Society, in Rochester Hall, Rochester, New
York, Frederick Douglass illustrates the full shame
of slavery, delivering a speech that takes aim at
the pieties of the nation — the cherished memories
of its revolution, its principles of liberty, and its
moral and religious foundation. The Fourth of July,
a day celebrating freedom, is used by Douglass to
remind his audience of liberty’s unfinished business.
“What to the American Slave is Your Fourth of July?”:
“To him your celebration is a sham…to cover up
crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages.
There is not a nation of the earth guilty of practices
more shocking and bloody than are the people of the
United States at this very hour.” The text of this
speech can be seen on the Information Man’s web site
http://www.informationman.com/douglass.htm .

1892 – Andrew Beard is issued patent number 478,271 for his
rotary engine.

1899 – Anna Arnold (later Hedgeman) is born in Marshalltown,
Iowa. She will become the first African American
woman to serve in the cabinet of a New York City mayor
(1954), a special projects coordinator for the
Commission on Religion and Race of the National Council
of Churches, and recruiter of 40,000 Protestant
churchmen to participate in the 1963 March on Washington.
She will serve as teacher, lecturer, and consultant to
numerous educational centers, boards, and colleges and
universities, particularly in the area of African American
studies. She will travel to Africa and lecture throughout
the United States, especially in black schools and
colleges, as an example of a black hero. She will stress
to students the importance of understanding history as a
basis to achieve equality. She will hold memberships in
numerous organizations, such as the Child Study
Association, Community Council of the City of New York,
National Urban League, NAACP, United Nations Association,
Advisory Committee on Alcoholism, Advisory Committee on
Drug Addiction, and the National Conference of Christians
and Jews. She will author “The Trumpet Sounds” (1964),
“The Gift of Chaos” (1977), and articles in numerous
organizational publications, newspapers, and journals.
She will join the ancestors on January 17, 1990.

1913 – Overton Amos Lemons is born in Dequincy, Louisiana. He will
become a rhythm and blues vocalist better known as Smiley
Lewis. He will be best rememberd for his song, “I Hear You
Knockin’.” He will join the ancestors on October 7, 1966
after succumbing to stomach cancer.

1947 – The first African American baseball player in the American
League joins the lineup of the Cleveland Indians. Larry
Doby plays his first game against the Chicago White Sox.
He will play for both the Indians and the White Sox
during his 13-year, major-league career.

1949 – The New York Giants purchase the contracts of Monty Irvin
& Henry Thompson, their first African American players.

1966 – Three nights of race rioting in Omaha, Nebraska, result
in the calling out of the National Guard.

1969 – Tom Mboya, Economics Minister, joins the ancestors after
being assassinated in Narobi, Kenya.

1975 – Arthur Ashe becomes the first African American to win the
Wimbledon Men’s Singles Championship when he defeats
Jimmy Conners.

1975 – The Cape Verde Islands gain independence after 500 years
of Portuguese rule.

1975 – Forty persons are injured in racial disturbances in Miami,

1989 – Barry Bond’s home run sets father-son (Bobby) HR record at

1990 – Zina Garrison upsets Steffi Graf in the Wimbledon semi-

1994 – In an attempt to halt a surge of Haitian refugees, the
Clinton administration announces it is refusing entry to
new Haitian boat people.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry.

April 11: Poet of the Day: Sherley Anne Williams

Sherley Anne Williams, poet, author, and social critic, is April 11 Poet of the Day.  Read more about this multitalented poet below.


Poetry Foundation: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/sherley-anne-williams

Black Past: http://www.blackpast.org/aaw/williams-sherley-anne-1944-1999

Voices From the Gap: http://voices.cla.umn.edu/artistpages/williamsSherley.php

Youtube videos: “Dessa Rose” (novel written by Sherley Anne Williams): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-nQzDMQHp4, “Dessa Rose Trailer”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rTo3Y3J16o

April 10 Jazz Artist of the Day: Cassandra Wilson

Cassandra Wilson, award winning jazz vocalist, is April 10 Jazz Artist of the Day.  Read more about this multitalented artist below.


Website: http://www.cassandrawilson.com/

All Music: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/cassandra-wilson-mn0000197460

NPR: http://www.npr.org/event/music/396687392/cassandra-wilson-sings-billie-holidayhttp://www.npr.org/2015/04/05/397321378/cassandra-wilson-couldnt-wait-to-reinvent-the-billie-holiday-songbook


Youtube videos: “Time After Time” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySVWeao57m8, “Strange Fruit” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YyNtFAMMsuA

April 9 Jazz Artist of the Day: Stanley Turrentine

Stanley Turrentine, jazz saxophonist, is April 9 Jazz Artist of the Day.  Read more about this talented jazz artist below.


All Music: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/stanley-turrentine-mn0000012644

NPR: http://www.npr.org/2008/09/10/94436220/stanley-turrentine-saxophone-sugar-man

Jazz Encyclopedia: http://www.jazz.com/encyclopedia/turrentine-stanley

Youtube videos: “Sugar” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oLaIrVB1av4, “Don’t Mess With Mr. T” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l4SF4gXlhWI

April 8 Jazz Artist of the Day: Melba Liston

Melba Liston, a jazz trombonist, is April 8 Jazz Artist of the Day.  Read more about this pioneer jazz artist below.


All Music: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/melba-liston-mn0000404399/biography

NPR: http://www.npr.org/2008/07/09/92349036/melba-liston-bones-of-an-arranger

NEA Jazz Masters: http://arts.gov/honors/jazz/melba-liston

Youtube videos: “Insomnia” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qwFmRzEbcM, “Blues Melba” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c4rJtLR1ZoQ

April 7 Jazz Artist of the Day: Freddie Hubbard

Freddie Hubbard, who was also born on this day, is the Jazz Artist of the Day.  Read more about this legendary trumpeter below.


All Music: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/freddie-hubbard-mn0000798326

NPR: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=99175115

Obituaries: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/freddie-hubbard-virtuoso-jazz-trumpeter-who-played-with-john-coltrane-art-blakey-and-herbie-hancock-during-a-50year-career-1218141.htmlhttp://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1127264

Youtube videos: “Little Sunflower” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OtB8dEuEmNM, “Red Clay” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wA1ZelIbUfI, “First Light” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zh0-T0efTY

April 6 Jazz Artist of the Day: Bobbi Humphrey

Bobbi Humphrey, a jazz, fusion, pop flautist is April 6 Jazz Artist of the Day.  Read more about this influential jazz artist below.


Website: http://www.bobbihumphrey.net/

AllMusic: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/bobbi-humphrey-mn0000766562

Youtube videos: “Harlem River Drive” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-i_Ja2sVw1g, “Blacks and Blues” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6wkHpwS54Y, “Sunset Burgundy” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKpcdv681rE

April 5 Jazz Artist of the Day: Jimmy Smith

Jimmy Smith, jazz organist, is Day 5 Jazz Artist of the Day.  Read more about this multitalented jazz artist below.


All Music: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/jimmy-smith-mn0000781172

All About Jazz: http://www.allaboutjazz.com/jimmy-smith-master-of-the-hammond-b-3-jimmy-smith-by-mark-sabbatini.php

NPR: http://www.npr.org/2008/09/03/94262921/jimmy-smith-organ-grinder-swing

African American Registry: http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/jimmy-smith-made-organ-legitimate-jazz-instrument

Youtube videos: Documentary, 1965: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A9fObWXHTv4, “The Sermon” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vqSLoxwkCYE, “Walk on the Wild Side” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3oi-jdDDXDM

Day 4 Jazz Artist of the Day: Dianne Reeves

Multitalented jazz vocalist Dianne Reeves is Day 4 Jazz Artist of the Day.  Read more about this award winning vocalist below.


Website: http://diannereeves.com/

All Music: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/dianne-reeves-mn0000211570

NPR: http://www.npr.org/2011/05/13/136275834/dianne-reeves-on-piano-jazz

PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/tavissmiley/interviews/dianne-reeves/

Youtube videos: “Better Days” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlFj9iCnaIE, “Afro Blue” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyktHYiCPVw, “Endangered Species” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7I8FDn2WDg

Day 3 Artist of the Day: Art Tatum

Legendary jazz artist Art Tatum is Day 3 Artist of the Day.  Read more about this pioneer artist below.



AllMusic: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/art-tatum-mn0000505770


NPR: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6434701

Youtube videos: Documentary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7dPMuTI3QY, “Yesterdays”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9Cs_zb4q14, “Tiger Rag”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9Cs_zb4q14