September 5 African American Historical Events

Today in Black History – September 5          *

1804 – Absalom Jones is ordained a priest in the Protestant
Episcopal Church.

1846 – John Wesley Cromwell is born into slavery in Portsmouth,
Virginia. After receiving freedom, he and his family
will move to Philadelphia. In 1865, he will return to
Portsmouth to open a private school, which will fail due
to racial harassment. He will enter Howard University in
Washington, DC in 1871. He will receive a law degree and
be admitted to the bar in 1874. He will be the first
African American to practice law for the Interstate
Commerce Commission. He will found the weekly paper, “The
People’s Advocate” in 1876. In 1881, he will be elected
President of Bethel Library and Historical Association in
Washington, DC. He will use this position to generate
interest in African American history. He will inspire the
foundation of the Association for the Study of Negro Life
and History in 1915. He will also be the Secretary of the
American Negro Academy. He will join the ancestors on
April 14, 1927.

1859 – “Our Nig” by Harriet E. Wilson is published.  It is the
first novel published in the United States by an African
American woman and will be lost to readers for years
until reprinted with a critical essay by noted African
American scholar Henry Louis Gates, Jr. in 1983.

1877 – African Americans from the Post-Civil-War South, led by
Benjamin ‘Pap’ Singleton, settle in Kansas and establish
towns like Nicodemus, to take advantage of free land
offered by the United States government through the
Homestead Act of 1860.

1895 – George Washington Murray is elected to Congress from South

1916 – Novelist Frank Yerby is born in Augusta, Georgia. A student
at Fisk University and the University of Chicago, Yerby’s
early short story “Health Card” will win the O. Henry
short story award. He will later turn to adventure novels
and become a best-selling author in the 1940’s and 1950’s
with “The Foxes of Harrow”, “The Vixens” and many others.
His later novels will include “Goat Song”, “The Darkness
at Ingraham’s Crest-A Tale of the Slaveholding South”,
and “Devil Seed”.  In total, Yerby will publish over 30
novels that sell over 20 million copies. He will leave
the United States in 1955 in protest against racial
discrimination, moving to Spain where he will remain for
the rest of his life. He will join the ancestors on
November 29, 1991, after succumbing to congestive heart
failure in Madrid. He will be interred there in the
Cementerio de la Almudena.

1960 – Cassius Clay of Louisville, Kentucky, wins the gold medal
in light heavyweight boxing at the Olympic Games in Rome,
Italy.  Clay will later change his name to Muhammad Ali
and become one of the great boxing champions in the world.
In 1996, at the Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgia,
Muhammad Ali will have the honor of lighting the Olympic

1960 – Leopold Sedar Senghor, poet, politician, is elected
President of Senegal.

1972 – Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway win a gold record — for
their duet, “Where is the Love”.  The song gets to number
five on the pop music charts and is one of two songs for
the duo to earn gold. The other will be “The Closer I Get
To You” (1978).

1995 – O.J. Simpson jurors hear testimony that police detective
Mark Fuhrman had uttered a racist slur, and advocated the
killing of Blacks.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.


September 4 African American Historical Events

 Today in Black History – September 4            *

1781 – California’s second pueblo near San Gabriel, Nuestra Senora
        la Reina de Los Angeles de Porciuncula (Los Angeles,
        California) is founded by forty-four settlers, of whom at
        least twenty-six were descendants of Africans.  Among the
        settlers of African descent, according to H.H. Bancroft’s
        authoritative “History of California,” were “Joseph Moreno,
        Mulatto, 22 years old, wife a Mulattress, five children;
        Manuel Cameron, Mulatto, 30 years old, wife Mulattress;
        Antonio Mesa, Negro, 38 years old, wife Mulattress, six
        children; Jose Antonio Navarro, Mestizo, 42 years old,
        wife, Mulattress, three children; Basil Rosas, Indian, 68
        years old, wife, Mulattress, six children.”

1848 – Louis H. Latimer is born in Chelsea, Massachusetts.  A one-
        time draftsman and preparer of patents for Alexander
        Graham Bell, he will later join the United States Electric
        Company, where he will patent a carbon filament for the
        incandescent lamp. When he joins the ancestors on December
        11, 1928, he will be eulogized by his co-workers as a
        valuable member of the “Edison Pioneers,” a group of men
        and women who advanced electrical light usage in the
        United States. He will join the ancestors on December 11,

1865 – Bowie State College (now University) is established in
        Bowie, Maryland.

1875 – The Clinton Massacre occurs in Clinton, Mississippi. Twenty
        to thirty African Americans are killed over a two-day

1908 – Richard Wright,  who will become the author of the best-
        selling “Native Son,” “Uncle Tom’s Children,” and “Black
        Boy,” is born near Natchez, Mississippi. Wright will be
        among the first African American writers to protest white
        treatment of African Americans. He will join the ancestors
        on November 28, 1960.

1942 – Merald ‘Bubba’ Knight is born in Atlanta, Georgia.  He will
        become a singer with his sister Gladys Knight as part of
        her background group, The Pips.  They will record many
        songs including “Midnight Train to Georgia,” “Best Thing
        That Ever Happened to Me,” “I Heard It Through the
        Grapevine,” “Every Beat of My Heart,” “Letter Full of
        Tears,” and “The Way We Were/Try to Remember” medley.

1953 – Lawrence-Hilton Jacobs is born in New York City.  He will
        become an actor and will star in “Alien Nation,”
        “Rituals,” “Roots,” “Welcome Back, Kotter,” “Quiet Fire,”
        “L.A. Heat,” and “L.A. Vice.”

1957 – The governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out the
        National Guard to stop nine African American students
        from entering Central High School in Little Rock,
        Arkansas.  Three weeks later, President Dwight Eisenhower
        sends a force of 1,000 U.S. Army paratroopers (The 101st
        Airborne) to Little Rock to guarantee the peaceful
        desegregation of the public school.

1960 – Damon Kyle Wayans is born in New York City, New york.  He
        will become an actor/comedian and will star in “In Living
        Color,” “Major Payne,” “Blankman,” “Celtic Pride,”
        “The Great White Hype” and many others.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.

September 3 African American Historical Events

 Today in Black History – September 3          *

1783 – Richard Allen, founder of the African Methodist Episcopal
        Church, purchases his freedom with his earnings as a
        self-employed teamster.

1838 – Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, disguised as a
        sailor, escapes from slavery in Baltimore, Maryland to
        New Bedford, Massachusetts via New York City.  He will
        take the name Douglass, after the hero of Sir Walter
        Scott’s poem “Lady of the Lake”.

1865 – The Union Army commander in South Carolina orders the
        Freedmen’s Bureau personnel to stop seizing land.

1868 – Henry McNeal Turner delivers a speech before the Georgia
        legislature defending African Americans’ rights to hold
        state office.  The lower house of the Georgia
        legislature, rules that African Americans were ineligible
        to hold office, and expels twenty-eight representatives.
        Ten days later the senate expels three African Americans.
        Congress will refuse to re-admit the state to the Union
        until the legislature seats the African American

1891 – John Stephens Durham, assistant editor of the Philadelphia
        Evening Bulletin, is named minister to Haiti.

1891 – Cotton pickers organize a union and stage a strike for
        higher wages in Texas.

1895 – Charles Hamilton Houston is born in Washington, DC. He will
        become a prominent African American lawyer, Dean of Howard
        University Law School, and the NAACP Litigation Director
        who plays a significant role in dismantling the Jim Crow
        laws, which earns him the title, “The Man Who Killed Jim
        Crow.” He will also be well known for having trained future
        Supreme Court Justice, Thurgood Marshall. He will play a
        role in nearly every civil rights case before the Supreme
        Court between 1930 and Brown v. Board of Education (1954).
        His plan to attack and defeat Jim Crow segregation by
        demonstrating the inequality in the “separate but equal”
        doctrine from the Supreme Court’s Plessy v. Ferguson
        decision as it pertained to public education in the United
        States was the masterstroke that brought about the landmark
        Brown decision. He will join the ancestors on April 22, 1950.

1910 – Dorothy Leigh Mainor (later Maynor) is born in Norfolk,
        Virginia.  She will become a renown soprano and will sing
        with all of the major American and European orchestras.
        She will found the Harlem School of the Arts in 1963, after
        ending her performing career. She will retire as executive
        director of the school in 1979. She will join the ancestors
        on February 19, 1996 in West Chester, Pennsylvania.

1918 – Five African American soldiers are hanged for alleged
        participation in the Houston riot of 1917.

1919 – The Lincoln Motion Picture Company, owned by African
        Americans Noble Johnson and Clarence Brooks, releases its
        first feature-length film, “A Man’s Duty”.

1970 – Representatives from 27 African nations, Caribbean nations,
        four South American countries, Australia, and the United
        States meet in Atlanta, Georgia, for the first Congress of
        African People.

1970 – Billy Williams ends the longest National League consecutive
        streak at 1,117 games.

1974 – NBA guard, Oscar Robinson, retires from professional

1984 – A new South African constitution comes into effect, setting
        up a three-chamber, racially divided parliament –  White,
        Indian and Colored (mixed race) people.

1990 – Jonathan A. Rodgers becomes president of CBS’s Television
        Stations Division, the highest-ranking African American to
        date in network television.  Rodgers had been general
        manager of WBBM-TV, CBS’s Chicago station.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.

September 2 African American Historical Events

Today in Black History – September 2           *

1766 – Abolitionist, inventor, and entrepreneur, James Forten is
born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1833 – Oberlin College, one of the first colleges to admit
African Americans, is founded in Oberlin, Ohio.

1864 – In series of battles around Chaffin’s Farm in the suburbs
of Richmond, Virginia, African American troops capture
entrenchments at New Market Heights, make a gallant but
unsuccessful assault on Fort Gilmer and help repulse a
Confederate counterattack on Fort Harrison.  The Thirty-
Ninth U.S. Colored Troops will win a Congressional Medal
of Honor in the engagements.

1902 – “In Dahomey” premieres at the Old Globe Theater in Boston,
Massachusetts.  With music by Will Marion Cook and lyrics
by poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, it is the most successful
musical of its day.

1911 – Romare Bearden is born in Charlotte, North Carolina. His
family will move to the village of Harlem in New York
City in 1914.  He will call New York his home for the
rest of his life. A student at New York University,  the
American Artists School, Columbia University, and the
Sorbonne, Bearden’s depiction of the rituals and social
customs of African American life will be imbued with an
eloquence and power that will earn him accolades as one
of the finest artists of the 20th century and a master
of collage. Among his honors will be election to the
American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National
Institute of Arts and Letters, and receiving the
President’s National Medal of Arts in 1987. He will join
the ancestors on March 12, 1988.

1928 – Horace Ward Martin Tavares Silva (later Silver) is born
in Norwalk, Connecticut. He will become a jazz pianist,
bandleader, and composer who will initially lead the Jazz
Messengers with drummer Art Blakey before forming his own
band in 1956.  A pioneer of the hard bop style, he will
attract to his band the talents of Art Farmer, Donald
Byrd, and Blue Mitchell, among others.

1945 – The end of World War II (V-J Day).  A total of 1,154,720
African Americans have been inducted or drafted into the
armed forces. Official records list 7,768 African
American commissioned officers on August 31, 1945. At
the height of the conflict,  3,902 African American women
(115 officers) were enrolled in the Women’s Army
Auxiliary Corps (WACS) and 68 were in the Navy auxiliary,
the WAVES. The highest ranking African American women
were Major Harriet M. West and Major Charity E. Adams.
Distinguished Unit Citations were awarded to the 969th
Field Artillery Battalion, the 614th Tank Destroyer
Battalion, and the 332nd Fighter Group (Tuskegee Airmen).

1946 – William Everett “Billy” Preston is born in Houston, Texas.
He will become a musician songwriter and singer. His hits
will include “Will It Go Round in Circles”, “Nothing from
Nothing”, “Outa-Space”, “Get Back” (with The Beatles),
and “With You I’m Born Again”(with Syreeta). He also will
appear in film: “St. Louis Blues” and play with Little
Richard’s Band. He will collaborate with some of the
greatest names in the music industry, including the
Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Little Richard, Ray Charles,
George Harrison, Elton John, Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan, Sam
Cooke, King Curtis, Sammy Davis Jr., Sly Stone, Aretha
Franklin, the Jackson 5, Quincy Jones, Richie Sambora,
and the Red Hot Chili Peppers. He will play the electric
piano on the Get Back sessions in 1969 and is one of
several people sometimes credited as the “Fifth Beatle”.
He is one of only two non-Beatles to receive label
performance credit on any Beatles record.  He will join
the ancestors on June 6, 2006 in Scottsdale, Arizona.

1956 – The Tennessee National Guard is sent to Clinton, Tennessee,
to quell white mobs demonstrating against school

1960 – Eric Dickerson is born in Sealy, Texas. He will become a
professional football player and will become NFC Rookie
of the Year in 1983.  He will also set a NFL single-
season rushing record of 2,105 yards in 1984.

1963 – Alabama Governor George Wallace blocks the integration of
Tuskegee High School in Tuskegee, Alabama.

1965 – Lennox Claudius Lewis, former WBC boxing champ, is born
in West Ham, London, England.

1966 – Frank Robinson is named Most Valuable Player of the
American League.

1971 – Cheryl White becomes the first African American woman
jockey to win a sanctioned horse race.

1975 – Joseph W. Hatchett sworn in as first African American
state supreme court justice in the South (Florida) in
the twentieth century.

1978 – Reggie Jackson is 19th player to hit 20 home runs in 11
straight years.

1989 – Rev. Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through the
Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn, New York.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.

September 1 African American Historical Events

Today in Black History – September 1         *

1867 – Robert T. Freeman becomes the first African American
to graduate from Harvard Dental School.

1875 – White Democrats attacked Republicans at Yazoo City,
Mississippi. One white and three African-Americans were

1912 – Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, English-born composer of Hiawatha’s
Wedding Feast and professor of music at Trinity College of
Music in London, joins the ancestors in Croyden, England.
Coleridge-Taylor was the most important Black composer of
his day and toured the United States three times, where he
played with Will Marion Cook, Clarence Cameron White, and
collaborated with Paul Laurence Dunbar in setting several
of his poems to music.

1925 – Rosa Cuthbert (later Guy) is born in Trinidad. She will leave
Trinidad with her parents for America in 1932. During World
War II she will join the American Negro Theatre. She will
study theatre and writing at the University of New York.
Most of her books are about the dependability of family
members that care and love each other. She will be one of
the founders of The Harlem Writers Guild (1950). Her works
will include: “Bird at My Window” (1966), “Children of
Longing” (1971), “The Friends” (1973), “Ruby” (1976),
“Edith Jackson” (1978), “The Disappearance” (1979), “Mirror
of Her Own” (1981), “A Measure of Time” (1983), and “New
Guys Around the Block” (1983), “Paris, Pee Wee and Big Dog”
(1984), “My Love, My Love, or the Peasant Girl” (1985), And
“I Heard a Bird Sing” (1987). She will join the ancestors on
June 3, 2012.

1937 – Ron O’Neal is born in Utica, New York.  He will become an
actor and will star in movies during the 1970’s and be
best known for his role in “Superfly.”

1948 – William T. Coleman is appointed by Justice Frankfurter as a
clerk to the U.S. Supreme Court, the first African
American to hold the position.  A Harvard Law School
graduate and Army Air Corps veteran, Coleman will again
enter public service, first as president of the NAACP
Legal Defense and Education Fund and, in 1975, as
Secretary of Transportation under President Gerald Ford.

1970 – Dr. Hugh S. Scott of Washington, DC, becomes the first
African American superintendent of schools in a major US.

1971 – The Pittsburgh Pirates field an all African American team
in a baseball game against the Philadelphia Phillies.

1973 – George Foreman knocks out Jose Roman in the first round to
retain his heavyweight title.

1975 – General Daniel (“Chappie”) James Jr. is promoted to the
rank of four-star general and named commander-in-chief of
the North American Air Defense Command.  He is the first
African American to achieve this rank.

1977 – Ethel Waters, singer and actress, joins the ancestors in
Chatsworth, California at the age of 80.  She was the
first African American entertainer to move from vaudeville
to ‘white’ entertainment.  She starred in many movies such
as “Something Special” (1971), “Carib Gold” (1955), “The
Member of the Wedding” (1952), “Pinky” (1949), “Cabin in
the Sky” (1943), “Cairo” (1942), “Tales of Manhattan”
(1942), “Black Musical Featurettes, V. 1″ (1929),  Short
Subjects V. 1” (1929),  and “On With the Show” (1929).
She also was in the first network show to feature an
African American actress as the star (The Beulah Show-

1979 – Hazel W. Johnson becomes the first African American woman
to attain general officer rank in American military
history. Under her tenure as Chief, the Army Nurse Corps
continued to improve standards of education and training.
The Army Nurse Corps Standards of Nursing Practice were
published as an official Department of the Army Pamphlet
(DA PAM 40-5). She received the Distinguished Service
Medal, Legion Of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal, and
the Army Commendation Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster among
her awards and honors.

Information retreived from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.

Today in African American History

Today in Black History – August 31            *

1935 – Eldridge Cleaver is born in Wabaseka, Arkansas. He will join
the Black Panther Party in 1967, becoming its Minister of
Information and putting together The Black Panther
newspaper. He will be the 1968 Presidential candidate for
the Peace and Freedom Party. He and another Panther member,
will be assaulted by police in 1968 (Cleaver is arrested).
He and Kathleen Cleaver, his wife and a Panther leader in
her own right, flee the country, eventually founding the
Panther’s international branch in Algeria before moving to
France. Cleaver split from the Party in 1971, forming his
own version of the organization with several Party chapters
switching from Bobby Seale to him. Cleaver will return to
the United States in the late 1970’s as a born-again
Christian and a republican. He will spend his later years
as a conservative idealist concerned with the environment,
and will join the ancestors on May 1, 1998 at the age of

1935 – Frank Robinson is born in Beaufort, Texas.  He will become
a professional baseball player and will become Most
Valuable Player in the National League in 1961 and Most
Valuable Player in the American League in 1966.  Later, he
will become the first African American manager in major
league baseball.

1936 – Marva Collins is born in Monroeville, Alabama. She will
become an innovative educator who uses her pension funds
to open Westside Preparatory School in Chicago, dedicated
to reverse the educational decline in the city’s African
American neighborhoods.  Collins’ motto for the school is
“entrance to learn, exit to serve.”

1943 – The USS Harmon, a destroyer escort, is launched.  It is
named after Mess Attendant 1st Class Leonard H. Harmon, a
1942 Navy Cross recipient.  It is the first United States
warship named for an African American.

1958 –  Edwin Corley Moses,  track star (hurdler, Olympic-gold-
1984), is born in Dayton, Ohio.  He will be referred to as
“the greatest hurdler in the history of track and field”
for his 122 consecutive wins in the 400 meter hurdles
(spanned eleven years and 22 countries).

1962 – Joint independence is granted to Trinidad and Tobago by
Great Britain.

1983 – Brigadier General Hazel W. Johnson retires from the Army
Nurse Corps.  She is the first African American woman to
achieve the rank of Brigadier General and the first
African American to be chief of the Army Nurse Corps.

1983 – Edwin Moses of the United States sets the 400 meter hurdle
record (47.02) in Koblenz, Germany.

1984 – Pinklin Thomas defeats Tim Witherspoon for the WBC
heavyweight boxing title.

1990 – Nat (Sweetwater) Clifton, former New York Knickerbocker
star, joins the ancestors after succumbing to a heart
attack at the age of 65.

1991 – KQEC-TV of San Francisco begins broadcasting under new
owners, the Minority Television Project.  It is the
second minority-owned public television station.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.

Today in African American History

* Today in Black History – August 30 *

1800 – Jack Bowler and Coachman Gabriel Prosser’s plans for a
slave revolt in Richmond, Virginia, are betrayed by a
pair of house slaves attempting to save their master.
Prosser’s plan, which involved over 1,100 slaves, would
have resulted in the death of all slave-owning whites,
but would have spared Quakers, Frenchmen, elderly women,
and children.

1838 – The first African American magazine “Mirror of Freedom”,
begins publication in New York City by abolitionist
David Ruggles.

1843 – The Liberty Party has the first African American
participation in a national political convention.
Samuel R. Ward leads the convention in prayer — Henry
Highland Garnet, a twenty-seven-year-old Presbyterian
pastor who calls for a slave revolt and a general slave
strike. Amos G. Beman of New Haven, Connecticut is
elected president of the convention.

1856 – Wilberforce University is established in Xenia, Ohio under
the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1863,
the university was transferred to the African Methodist
Episcopal (AME) Church.

1861 – General John C. Fremont issues an order confiscating the
property of Confederates and emancipating their slaves.
The order causes wide-spread protest and is revoked by
President Lincoln.

1892 – S. R. Scottron patents a curtain rod.

1901 – Roy Wilkins is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He will become
a civil rights leader, assistant executive secretary of
the NAACP under Walter White and editor of the Crisis
Magazine for 15 years. He will become Executive Secretary
of the NAACP in 1955, a post he will hold for 22 years.
During his tenure, he will be a champion of civil rights
committed to using constitutional arguments to help obtain
full citizenship rights for all African Americans.

1931 – Carrie Saxon Perry is born in Hartford, Connecticut. In
1987, she will be elected mayor of Hartford, becoming the
first African American mayor of a major eastern United
States city.

1953 – Robert Parish is born in Shreveport, Louisiana. He will
become a professional basketballplayer. Playing 14 years
with the Boston Celtics from 1980 to 1994, he will win
three NBA titles (1981, 1984 and 1986) teaming with
legendary small forward Larry Bird, and, from 1983 to 1992
with Kevin McHale. The trio will be regarded by many as the
best frontcourt in NBA history.

1956 – A white mob prevents the enrollment of blacks at Mansfield
High School in Texas.

1961 – James Benton Parsons is confirmed as the first African
American judge of a United States District Court in the
continental United States (Northern Illinois). He had
been appointed by President John F. Kennedy on April 18,

1967 – Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African
American justice on the U.S. Supreme Court. He had been
appointed by President Lyndon Johnson on June 13, 1967.

1969 – Racially motivated civil disturbances occur in Fort
Lauderdale, Florida.

1983 – Lt. Colonel Guion S. Bluford is the first African American
in space when he serves as a mission specialist on the
Challenger space shuttle. The space shuttle, launched
from Kennedy Space Center in Florida, stayed in orbit
almost six days. This was the Challenger’s third flight
into space.

1987 – Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 meters in world record time
of 9.83 seconds.

1990 – Ken Griffey & Ken Griffey, Jr. become the first father &
son to play on the same professional sports team (Seattle
Mariners). Both single in the first inning.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.

Summer Reading

I’ve been reading some YA books during the summer. Reviews will follow soon. Some of the books I have read are:
Bronxwood by Coe Booth
Incognegro by Matt Johnson
Shooting Star by Fredrick McKissack, Jr.
Chess Rumble by G Neri

Ambassadors for Literacy

Walter Dean Myers was recently appointed  the National Ambassador for Young People’s Literature by the Library of Congress.  He is an excellent choice for this position.  He is a prolific writer of children’s and young adult books, and he relates very well to children and young adults.  I believe Myers will be very influential and successful in this role.  I wish him Godspeed.  For more information on this announcement, click on LOC.

Another person championing for literacy and books is Yohannes Gebregeorgis.  A native Ethiopian, he co-founded Ethiopia Reads, a philanthropic organization committed to bringing literacy to the children of Ethiopia.  He has a facebook page so you can learn more about him and his organization.

I’m sure there are more well-known “ambassadors” or “champions” for literacy.  If you know of some, please feel free to let me know.  However, I would be remiss if I didn’t mention public librarians, library media specialists, teacher-librarians, educators, and others who promote reading and literacy.  Each time you read a story, or suggest a book to a reader, you are an ambassador for literacy and reading.  Whether or not your name is mentioned in a local or national paper, just know that you are making a difference in the life of a child or young adult.  Keep up the good work!