* Today in Black History – June 28 *
1770 – Anthony Benezet and other Quakers open a non-segregated
school for African American and white children in
1839 – Cinque, originally Sengbe, the son of a Mende king,
along with several other Africans, is kidnapped and sold
into slavery in Cuba. Cinque and his companions will
later carry out the famous successful revolt upon the
slave ship Amistad. The rebels were captured off Long
Island on August 26.
1874 – The Freedmen’s Savings & Trust Company, because of
mismanagement, closes its doors causing over 60,000
African American depositors to lose their $ 3 million in
1927 – Anthony Overton, president of Victory Life Insurance
Company, receives the NAACP’s Spingarn Medal for “his
successful business career climaxed by admission of his
company as the first Negro organization permitted to do
business under the rigid requirements of the State of
1935 – Mary McLeod Bethune, founder and president of Bethune-
Cookman College, receives the Spingarn Medal from the
NAACP. Bethune is honored for speaking out against
racism and injustice “in the South as well as in the
North, without compromise or fear.”
1936 – Major R. Owens is born in Collierville, Tennessee. He
will receive a bachelor’s degree from Morehouse College
and a master of science degree from Atlanta University.
He will be a librarian before entering politics. He will
succeed Shirley Chisholm as Congressional representative
from New York’s 11th district. He will serve in the
House of Representatives from 1983 to 2007. He will
retire at the end of his term in January 2007 and be
succeeded by Yvette Clarke. He will join the ancestors
on October 21, 2013.
1946 – Thurgood Marshall receives the Spingarn Medal for his
“distinguished service as a lawyer before the Supreme
Court of the United States and inferior courts.”
1951 – The Amos ‘n’ Andy Show premieres on television. While
criticized for racial stereotyping, it is the first show
with an all African American cast to be successful on
the small screen.
1964 – Malcolm X founds the Organization for Afro-American Unity
in New York.
1978 – The Supreme Court hands down its “Bakke” decision, ruling
that the University of California at Davis Medical
College’s special admissions program for minority students
is illegal. As a result, Allan P. Bakke, a white student,
is ordered admitted to the college to prevent what the
Court considers reverse discrimination.
1990 – Jurors in the drug and perjury trial of Washington, DC,
Mayor Marion S. Barry Jr. view a videotape showing Barry
smoking crack cocaine during an FBI hotel-room sting
operation. Barry will be later convicted of a single
count of misdemeanor drug possession.
1997 – Mike Tyson “sets a new standard for bizarre behavior” in
the heavyweight boxing championship bout with Evander
Holyfield at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada,
when he bites off a one-inch chunk of Holyfield’s ear in
the third round. Tyson is disqualified, and Holyfield is
spirited away to a local hospital, where the piece of his
ear is re-attached after being located on the canvas of
Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry.