March 27 African American Historical Events

* Today in Black History – March 27 *

1867 – African American demonstrators in Charleston, South Carolina
stage ride-ins on streetcars. On May 1, the Charleston City
Railway Company will adopt a resolution guaranteeing the right
of all persons to ride in streetcars.

1872 – Cleveland Luca, a musician, member of the famous musical Luca
Family Quartet and composer of the Liberian National Anthem,
joins the ancestors in Liberia.

1924 – Sarah Vaughan is born in Newark, New Jersey. On a dare, she
will enter a 1943 amateur contest at the Apollo Theatre in
Harlem and be hired by Earl “Fatha” Hines as a result of her
performance. She will begin recording in 1945, be considered
one of the finest jazz vocalists, and earn the nickname “The
Divine One.” She will join the ancestors on April 3, 1990.

1934 – Arthur Mitchell is born in New York City. The first male
recipient of the dance award from the High School of
Performing Arts in 1951, he will be the first African American
dancer to become a principal artist in the New York City
Ballet Company and will found the highly influential Dance
Theatre of Harlem in 1969. He will be recognized as a MacArthur
Fellow and inducted into the National Museum of Dance’s Mr. &
Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney Hall of Fame. He will also
receive the United States National Medal of Arts and a Fletcher
Foundation fellowship.

1969 – The Black Academy of Arts and Letters is founded at a meeting
in Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. C. Eric Lincoln, professor of
religion and sociology at Union Theological Seminary, is
elected president of the organization.

1972 – Fleeta Drumgo and John Cluchette are acquitted by an all-white
jury of the murder of a white guard at Soledad prison. George
Jackson, the third “Soledad Brother,” is killed in the alleged
escape attempt.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry.

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