* Today in Black History – January 10 *
1768 – James Varick is born in Orange County, New York. Racism in
New York City will lead Varick, a licensed clergyman, and
30 other African Americans to leave the famous and
predominantly white John Street Methodist Episcopal Church
and establish the first African American church in New York
City. He will later become the founder and first bishop of
the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. He will join
the ancestors on July 22, 1827. His remains now rest in the
crypt of the Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
in the village of Harlem in New York City.
1811 – African Americans in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania hold meetings
at Bethel Church to protest The American Colonization
Society’s campaign “to exile us from the land of our
1811 – Slaves in Louisiana rebel in two parishes about thirty-five
miles from New Orleans. The revolt is suppressed by U.S.
1870 – The legislature in the state of Georgia reconvenes and admits
African American representatives and senators.
1889 – The Ivory Coast is declared a protectorate of France.
1925 – Drummer Maxwell Lemuel “Max” Roach is born in Newland, North
Carolina. He will become an influential figure in the development
of modern jazz, playing with Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie,
and Clifford Brown before forming his own groups in the
1950’s. He will achieve wide acclaim for his superb musical
innovation. He also will be an educator, teaching at the
Lenox, Massachusetts School of Jazz, Yale University, and
Professor of Music at the University of Massachusetts
(Amherst). He will join the ancestors on August 16, 2007.
1938 – Willie McCovey is born in Mobile, Alabama. He will become a
professional baseball player in 1959 for the Giants organization.
After more than two decades, he will end his career, and garner
an impressive array of baseball’s most coveted awards: Rookie
of the Year in 1959; MVP in 1969; six times an All-Star and
once the All-Star Game MVP; Comeback Player of the Year in
1977 and the National League’s all-time left-handed home run
hitter. He will be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in
1986. It will be his first year of eligibility and he will appear
on 346 of 425 ballots cast (81.4 percent). In 1999, he will rank
56th on The Sporting News’ list of the “100 Greatest Baseball
Players,” and be nominated as a finalist for the Major League
Baseball All-Century Team. Since 1980, the Giants have awarded
the Willie Mac Award to honor his spirit and leadership. The
inlet of San Francisco Bay beyond the right field fence of AT&T
Park, historically known as China Basin, has been re-dubbed
McCovey Cove in his honor. Across McCovey Cove from the park a
statue of him will be erected and the land on which it stands
named McCovey Point. The Giants will retire his uniform number 44
on September 21, 1980, which he wore in honor of Hank Aaron, a
fellow Mobile, Alabama native. He will be inducted to the Afro
Sports Hall of Fame on February 7, 2009 in Oakland, California.
1949 – George Foreman is born in Marshall, Texas. He will become a
professional boxer and win the world heavyweight
championship in 1973. He will retire from boxing in 1977
after a defeat by Jimmy Young. He will enter the ministry
and stay away from boxing for ten years. He will return to
boxing in 1987 at the age of 37 and become the oldest
heavyweight champion at age 45 on November 5, 1994.
1966 – The Georgia House of Representatives refuses to seat African
American legislator Julian Bond, SNCC communications
director, because of his opposition to U.S. involvement in
the Vietnam War. He will be seated almost one year later,
after a legal battle that will eventually be resolved by the
U.S. Supreme Court.
1967 – Edward Brooke, takes his seat as the first popularly elected
African American United States Senator.
1976 – Chester Arthur Burnett, better known as “Howlin’ Wolf,” joins
the ancestors in Hines, Illinois. He was a blues legend that
helped to bring the Delta Blues music from Mississippi to
Chicago during the 1950’s. This music was the basis for the
Chicago blues sound.
Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry.