* Today in Black History – November 1 *
1787 – The first free school for African Americans, the African
Free School opens in New York City.
1866 – The first Civil Rights Act is passed over the veto of
President Andrew Johnson.
1901 – Grambling State University is founded in Grambling,
Louisiana as the “Colored Industrial and Agricultural
School” under the leadership of Charles P. Adams.
1910 – The first edition of Crisis magazine is published by the
NAACP with W.E.B. Du Bois as its editor.
1927 – Florence Mills joins the ancestors in New York City after
being hospitalized for an appendectomy at the age of 32.
She was one of the most popular entertainers of her day,
appearing in “Shuffle Along” and “From Broadway to Dixie”
as well as having successful tours in the United States
1940 – In the foreword to his book, “The Negro in Art”, Howard
University professor Alain Locke introduces the most
extensive retrospective of African American art published
to date. The selections appearing in the book span almost
300 years and include the work of 100 black artists from
Europe and the United States including Joshua Johnston,
Edward Bannister, Henry O. Tanner, Romare Bearden, Hale
Woodruff, Palmer Hayden, Allan Crite, James A. Porter,
and James Lesesne Wells, among others.
1942 – John H. Johnson publishes the first issue of Negro Digest.
1945 – The first issue of Ebony magazine is published in Chicago,
Illinois. The second publication of John H. Johnson’s
fledgling company, Ebony will be the catalyst for a
communications empire that will eventually include
magazines, book publishing, and radio.
1946 – Dr. Charles S. Johnson becomes the first African American
president of Fisk University.
1951 – Jet magazine is founded by John H. Johnson, publisher of
1981 – Antigua & Barbuda gain independence from Great Britain.
1998 – John Kagwe of Kenya wins the New York City Marathon for
the second consecutive year.
1999 – Former Chicago Bears running back Walter Payton, the NFL’s
all-time leading rusher, joins the ancestors after
succumbing to bile duct cancer at the age of 45.
Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.