* Today in Black History – June 14 *
1921 – Georgianna R. Simpson becomes the first African American
woman to receive a Ph.D. when she is awarded the degree,
in German, by the University of Chicago.
1931 – Margaret Bradley is born in Chicago, Illinois. She will
become a popular and enduring television personality known
as Marla Gibbs, notable for her roles in the ‘Jeffersons’
1941 – John Edgar Wideman is born in Washington, DC. He is will
become a Rhodes scholar and writer of such fictional works
as ‘Hurry Home’, ‘Damballah’, and ‘Philadelphia Fire’. He
will be the second African American to win a Rhodes
scholarship. He will become the only writer to be awarded
the PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction twice– once in 1984 for
his novel “Sent for You Yesterday” and again in 1990 for
“Philadelphia Fire.” In 1990, he will also receive the
American Book Award for Fiction. He will be awarded the
Lannan Literary Fellowship for Fiction in 1991 and the
MacArthur Award in 1993. Other honors will include the St.
Botolph Literary Award (1993), the DuSable Museum Prize for
Nonfiction for Brothers and Keepers (1985), the Longwood
College Medal for Literary Excellence, and the National
Magazine Editors’ Prize for Short Fiction (1987). In 1996,
he will edit the annual anthology “The Best American Short
Stories” (Houghton Mifflin).
1970 – Cheryl Adrienne Brown, Miss Iowa, becomes the first
African American to compete in the Miss America beauty
1971 – The Justice Department files suit against the St. Louis
suburb of Black Jack, charging the community with illegally
using municipal procedures to block an integrated housing
1989 – Congressman William Gray, chairman of the House Democratic
Caucus, is elected Democratic Whip of the House of
Representatives, the highest ranking leadership position
ever held by an African American in Congress.
Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.