November 13 African American Historical Events

Today in Black History – November 13               *

1839 – The first anti-slavery political party (Liberty Party) is
organized and convenes in Warsaw, New York.  Samuel
Ringgold Ward and Henry Highland Garnet are two of the
earliest supporters of the new political party.

1910 – Painter and printmaker, Wilmer Angier Jennings, is born in
Atlanta, Georgia.  A graduate of Morehouse College and
student of Hale Woodruff, Jennings will be employed by the
Public Works for Art Project and Works Progress
Administration in the 1930’s, where he will paint murals
and landscape paintings, and produce prints.

1913 – Dr Daniel Hale Williams, the first physician to perform
open heart surgery, becomes a member of the American
College of Surgeons.

1940 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Hansberry vs. Lee
that whites cannot bar African Americans from white
neighborhoods. The Supreme Court’s ruling in the case
brought by wealthy real-estate broker Carl Hansberry of
Chicago, allows the Hansberry family, including 10-year-
old daughter Lorraine, to move into a white neighborhood.

1949 – Caryn Johnson is born in New York City.  She will grow up
in the ghettos of New York, overcome drug addiction and
poverty, and become known as Whoopi Goldberg, multi-
talented comedian and actress and Academy Award winner
for her supporting role performance in “Ghost” in 1991.

1951 – Janet Collins, becomes the first African American ballerina
to appear with the Metropolitan Opera Company.

1956 – The Supreme Court upholds a lower court decision banning
segregation on city buses in Montgomery, Alabama.  The
Court establishes grounds for challenging bus segregation
in nine states that have violated the 15th Amendment.

1956 – Dancer Geoffrey Holder begins a contract with the
Metropolitan Opera.  Holder will dance in 26 performances,
including “Aida” and “La Perichole”, and his career will
include dance, acting, and art collecting.

1967 – Carl Stokes becomes the first African American mayor of a
major U.S. city when he is inaugurated mayor of Cleveland,
Ohio.

1973 – Reggie Jackson, of the Oakland Athletics, unanimously wins
the American League MVP award.

1985 – Dwight Gooden, the youngest 20 game winner in Major League
baseball history, wins the Cy Young award.

1992 – Riddick Bowe wins the undisputed heavyweight boxing title
in Las Vegas with a unanimous decision over Evander
Holyfield.

1996 – A grand jury in St. Petersburg, Florida, declines to indict
police officer Jim Knight, who had shot African American
motorist TyRon Lewis to death the previous month.  The
decision prompts angry mobs to return to the streets.

1996 – An all-white jury in Pittsburgh acquits a suburban police
officer, John Vojtas, in the death of African American
motorist Johnny Gammage in a verdict that angers African
American activists.

Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.

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November 12 African American Historical Events

Today in Black History – November 12          *

1775 – General George Washington issues an order forbiding
recruiting officers from enlisting African Americans.

1779 – Twenty slaves petition New Hampshire’s legislature to
abolish slavery. They argue that “the god of nature
gave them life and freedom upon the terms of most
perfect equality with other men; that freedom is an
inherent right of the human species, not to be
surrendered but by consent.”

1882 – Lane College is founded in Jackson, Tennessee.

1896 – 1st Sgt. Moses Williams (Ninth Calvary) is awarded the
Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery in the Battle
of Cuchillo Negro Mountains, in New Mexico, fought on
August 16, 1881.

1922 – Sigma Gamma Rho sorority is founded in Indianapolis,
Indiana, by seven school teachers: Mary Lou Allison
(Gardner Little), Bessie Mae Downey (Martin), Hattie
Mae Annette Dulin (Redford), Nannie Mae Gahn (Johnson),
Dorothy Hanley (Whiteside), Cubena McClure, and Vivian
White (Marbury).  Founder Vivian White Marbury was able
to witness the progress of the sisterhood she helped
create until she joins the ancestors on July 30, 2000.

1941 – Opera instructor Mary Cardwell Dawson and coloratura
Lillian Evanti establish the National Negro Opera
Company in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to provide more
opportunities for African Americans to sing and study
opera.  The company’s first opera, Verdi’s “Aida”, will
be staged the following August at the annual meeting of
the National Association of Negro Musicians. In its
21-year history, its performers will include Evanti,
Minto Cato, and Robert McFerrin.

1974 – South Africa is suspended from the U.N. General Assembly
over its racial policies.

1977 – Ernest N.  (Dutch) Morial is elected mayor of New Orleans,
Louisiana.  He is the first African American to hold
that post.

1977 – The NAACP’s Spingarn Medal is awarded to Alexander P.
Haley “for his unsurpassed effectiveness in portraying
the legendary story of an American of African descent.”

Information retreived from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.