Today in Black History – October 27 *
1891 – Charles H. Garvin is born in Jacksonville, Florida. He
will become the first African American physician
commissioned in World War I.
1891 – Philip B. Downing, invents the street letter box and is
awarded patent # 462,093.
1924 – Ruby Dee is born in Cleveland, Ohio. She will become one
of the foremost actresses in America, beginning her
career on Broadway in the early 1940’s. She will marry
actor Ossie Davis and have a strong personal career with
such notable stage roles as “A Raisin in the Sun”,
“Purlie Victorious”, and “The Taming of the Shrew” as
well as work in numerous television series and movies
including “Raisin”, “Do the Right Thing”, and “Jungle
1951 – Jayne Kennedy is born in Washington, DC. She will become
an actress, writer and producer. Her movie credits will
include “Fighting Mad,” “Body and Soul,” “Mysterious
Island of Beautiful Women,” “Cover Girls,” “The Muthers,”
and “Group Marriage.”
1954 – Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. becomes the first African American
general in the history of the United States Air Force.
He is designated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1960 – Martin Luther King Jr. is released on bond from the
Georgia State Prison in Reidsville. Political observers
say the John F. Kennedy call for King’s release increased
the number of African American voters who ensured his
1971 – The Republic of the Congo becomes the Republic of Zaire.
1978 – President Carter signs the Hawkins-Humphrey full
1979 – St Vincent & the Grenadines becomes independent of Great
1981 – Andrew Young, former United Nations Ambassador, is elected
mayor of Atlanta, Georgia.
2003 – Walter Washington, ex-mayor of Washington, DC, joins the
ancestors at age 88. He was the first elected mayor of
the nation’s capital in modern times and the first
African American to head the government of a major U.S.
Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.