Today in Black History – October 10 *
1874 – South Carolina Republicans carry the election with a
reduced victory margin. The Republican ticket is
composed of four whites and four Blacks.
1899 – J.W. Butts, inventor, receives a patent for a luggage
1899 – I. R. Johnson patents his bicycle frame.
1901 – Frederick Douglass Patterson is born in Washington, DC.
He will receive doctorate degrees from both Iowa State
University and Cornell University. Dr. Patterson will
serve as the president of Tuskegee Institute from 1935
to 1955. In 1943, he will organize a meeting of the
heads of Black colleges to conduct annual campaigns
for funds needed to help meet the operating expenses of
27 Black colleges and universities. This will result
in the formation of the United Negro College Fund. Dr.
Patterson will serve as its first president.
1917 – Thelonious Monk is born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina.
He will become an innovative jazz pianist and composer
of ‘Round Midnight.’ Monk will be considered one of the
fathers of jazz improvisation and in 1961 will be
featured on the cover of Time magazine, only one of
three jazz musicians so honored at that time.
1935 – George Gershwin’s “Porgy and Bess” premieres at the
Alvin Theater in New York City.
1946 – Ben Vereen is born in Miami, Florida. He will become a
dancer and multi-faceted entertainer.
1953 – Gus Williams is born. He will become a professional
basketball player and NBA guard with the Golden State
Warriors, Seattle Supersonics, and Washington Bullets.
1957 – President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister
of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused
service in a Dover, Delaware restaurant.
1961 – Otis M. Smith is appointed to the Michigan Supreme Court
and becomes the first African American on the high
1978 – Congressman Ralph H. Metcalfe joins the ancestors in
Chicago at the age of 68.
1989 – South African President F.W. de Klerk announces that
eight prominent political prisoners, including African
National Congress official Walter Sisulu, would be
unconditionally freed, but that Nelson Mandela would
Information retrieved from the Munirah Chronicle and is edited by Rene’ A. Perry.